The descriptive Approach is the type of Educational Approach. This approach is related to the existing practices and standards acquired over a period of time, which are considered essentials to be taught to the individual right from the outset without making discrimination.
As the name indicates it is derived from the word, ‘describe’ and ‘description’, meaning how the thing actually looks like or explains what one knows or observes. It is based on the fact what people actually require in their lives and what is contemporary that becomes essential.
For instance in learning a language, if the priority is given to the style of a native speaker or to the syntax and grammar which prevails where the language is spoken that constitutes the descriptive approach to learning or education.
That means when education is delivered without set rules in accordance to the need and comprehension level of the students and teachers becomes a descriptive approach. That includes leverage on both ends from the teacher’s perspective as well as from the student’s desire. If a realistic or perennial philosophy is followed then it is the teacher to decide how to make an individual learn.
On the other hand in pragmatic or existentialist philosophy the student is the center of dependence, how he or she wants to get learned.
Descriptive Approach Importance
The descriptive approach is closer to pragmatism and existentialism as it supports all that is functional. Similarly, the source of knowledge can be anybody and anything, acceptable to the recipients but should be rational and logical. Moreover, it should be authentic and proven in practical experiences.
When tracing historical educational evidence it reveals that each center of learning had its own model of education and delivery of knowledge. The teaching methodology of Greeks was entirely different from the Chinese.
Greek educational methodology can also be termed descriptive since they had their own construct towards the right to receive education, disciplines, and methodology. With the passage of time, a number of sub approaches coaxial to the descriptive approach have been developed.
One thing which is inherent to the descriptive approach is that it is never standardized, it adapts with the changing needs and requirements.